"'Indian' residential schools have been a part of Canada's history since the 16th Century. This qualitative study presents the education of First Nations people from a different perspective. Using two Canadian policies of assimilation as a background, the shame and unresolved trauma associated with residential school education is examined. Ten 2nd and 3rd generation successful people whose parents endured residential schools from the 1920's to their closures in the early 1970s were purposely sampled; three are 2nd generation, and seven are 3rd generation" ("Abstract," p. ii., Dealing with Shame and Unresolved Trauma : Residential School and its Impact on the 2nd and 3rd Generation Adults).