Shingwauk's vision : history of native residential schools

Shingwauk's vision : history of native residential schools
Xwi7xwa Library, University of British Columbia

Miller, J. R.
"With the growing strength of minority voices in recent decades has come much impassioned discussion of residential schools, the institutions where attendance by Native children was compulsory as recently as the 1960s. Former students have come forward in increasing numbers to describe the psychological and physical abuse they suffered in these schools, and many view the system as an experiment in cultural genocide. In this first comprehensive history of these institutions, J.R. Miller explores the motives of all three agents in the story. He looks at the separate experiences and agendas of the government officials who authorized the schools, the missionaries who taught in them, and the students who attended them.

Starting with the foundations of residential schooling in seventeenth-century New France, Miller traces the modern version of the institution that was created in the 1880s, and, finally, describes the phasing-out of the schools in the 1960s. He looks at instruction, work and recreation, care and abuse, and the growing resistance to the system on the part of students and their families. Based on extensive interviews as well as archival research, Miller's history is particularly rich in Native accounts of the school system"--publisher's website.

More Information

080200833X; 0802078583
Introduction: 'The true realization of Chief Shingwauk's vision' -- Part One Establishing the residential school system -- 1 'The three Ls': the traditional education of the Indigenous Peoples -- 2 'No notable fruit was seen': residential school experiments in New France -- 3 'Teach them how to live well and to die happy': residential schooling in British North America -- 4 'Calling in the aid of religion': creating a residential school system -- 5 'Dressing up a dead branch with flowers': the expansion and consolidation of the residential school system -- Part Two Experiencing residential schools -- 6 'To have the "Indian" educated out of them': classroom and class -- 7 'The means of wiping out the whole Indian establishment': race and assimilation -- 8 'The misfortune of being a woman': gender -- 9 'Such employment he can get at home': work and play -- 10 'Bleeding the children to feed the Mother-House': child 'care' -- 11 'Sadness, pain, and misery were my legacy as an Indian': abuse -- 12 'You ain't my boss': resistance -- Part Three Ending and assessing residential schools -- 13 'Our greatest need today is proper education': winding down the system -- 14 Shingwauk's vision / Aboriginal nightmare: an assessment -- Epilogue.
Includes bibliographical references and index.


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