Chiricahua Apache children upon arrival at Carlisle Indian School from Fort Marion, Florida, November 4, 1886
Source Record

November 4, 1886
Image > Photograph
Creators and Contributors
John Nicholas Choate (photographer)
1. Clement Seanilzah. 2. Humphrey Escharzay. 3. Beatrice Kiahtel. 4. Samson Noran. 5. Janette Pahgostatum. 6. Hugh Chee. 7. Basil Ekarden. 8. Bishop Eatennah. 9. Margaret Y. Nadasthilah. 10. Ernest Hoya (Hogee?). 11. Frederick Eskelsejah..
Curatorial Comment
Industrial and Residential Schools in the United States operated under a similar structure and philosophy to the schools in Canada. In 1879 Nicholas Flood Davin traveled to the United States to study and observe schools for "Indian" children and he proposed the creation of similar schools in Canada. Schools that were created to remove Indigenous children from their parents were operating in many British colonies and in the United States with aims to colonize lands and access resources.

More Information

National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution (P06848)
Between 1879 and 1902, J.N. Choate worked as a commercial photographer in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and was commissioned to photograph students at the Carlisle Indian School. During that period, he often photographed students' visiting family members as well. This print was formerly in the collection of General Nelson A. Miles (1839-1925, U.S. Army); inherited by his children, Cecelia Miles Reber (Mrs. Samuel K. Reber, 1869-1952) and Major Sherman Miles (1882-1966); donated to MAI in 1925.


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