Indian Act, 1985

Parliament of Canada passes Bill C-31

Bill C-31, a Bill to Amend the Indian Act, was passed into law in April 1985. It proposed modifications to various sections of the Indian Act, including significant changes to Indian status and band membership, with three major goals: to address gender discrimination in the Indian Act, to restore Indian status to those who had been forcibly enfranchised due to previous discriminatory provisions, and to allow bands to control their own band membership as a step towards self-government. Although some gender discrimination issues were removed, the bill effectively only transferred the effects of this discrimination down one generation.


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